Articles and Publications | Pepperdine University | Graziadio Business School

Articles and Publications

MS in Organization Development

Founder Pat William's vision for the MSOD program has attracted esteemed guest faculty over the decades. Our MSOD heritage and culture is steeped in our "long gray line" — foundational thinkers in the OD field who served as MSOD guest faculty and include Roger Harrison, Dick Beckhard, Bob Tannenbaum, Ed Schein, and Warner Burke. The MSOD alumni association feels a duty to keep their work alive and accessible to both Pepperdine University and the public in perpetuity by posting selections of their work.

Articles by Roger Harrison

We are pleased that distinguished OD consultant Roger Harrison has agreed to be the first to post a selection of his work on the MSOD Web site. From conducting sensitivity training laboratories during the 1950s to influencing the way organizations and consultants respond to today's complexity, Roger has significantly influenced the birth and growth of the OD field. He has written numerous articles about OD that have become classics in the field. Just as Roger has helped shape the field of OD, his legacy lives on through our MSOD program. Serving as periodic guest faculty and longtime supporter of the MSOD program at the Graziadio School of Business and Management, we say, thank you Roger!

The following are selections from Roger Harrison's The Collected Papers of Roger Harrison, plus some recent and as yet unpublished pieces:

Part 1: Papers on Organization Development

Part 2: Papers on Organization Culture

Part 3: Papers on Community Dynamics

Part 4: Papers on Education and Learning

Part 5: References

Albrecht, K. , and Zemke, R. Service America! Homewood, Ill.: Dow Jones-Irwin, 1985.

Argyris, C. Interpersonal Competence and Organizational Effectiveness. Homewood, Ill: Irwin, 1962.

Argyris, C. "Teaching Smart People to Learn." Harvard Business Review. 1991, (May/June), 99-109.

Argyris, C. , and Schon, D. A. Theory in Practice. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1974.

Berlew, D. E. "Leadership and Organizational Excitement." California Management Review. 1974, 17 (2), 21-30.

Blake, R. , and Mouton, J. The Managerial Grid. incomplete.

Blanchard, K. , and Johnson, S. The One Minute Manager. New York: American Management Association (AMACOM), 1982.

Briggs, J. , and Bohm, j. "Dialogue as a Path Toward Wholeness." In M. Weisbord and and others., (ed.)^(eds.), Discovering Common Ground. San Francisco: Barrett-Koehler, 1993.

Byrd, R. E. "Training in a Non-Group." Journal of Humanistic Psychology. 1967, 7 (1), 18-27.

Cartwright, D., ed. Studies in Social Power. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, 1959.

Collected Papers of Roger Harrison, Version 94.10.02

Clark, J. V. Task Group Therapy. Los Angeles: Graduate School of Business Administration, University of California at Los Angeles, Working paper, 1966.

Cooperrider, D. L. "Positive Image, Positive Action: The Affirmative Basis of Organizing." In Suresh Srivastva, (ed.)^(eds.), Appreciative Management and Leadership. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Inc., 1990.

Cunningham, I. The Wisdom of Strategic Learning: The Self Managed Learning Solution. London: McGraw-Hill, 1994.

Davis, S. M. "Transforming Organizations: The Key to Strategy is Context." Organizational Dynamics. 1982, 10 (3), .

Eisler, R. The Chalice and the Blade: Our History. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1987.

Eisler, R. , and Loye, D. The Partnership Way. San Francisco: Harper San Francisco, 1990.

Emery, M. "Training Search Conference Managers." In Weisbord, (ed.)^(eds.), Discovering Common Ground. San Francisco: Berrett-Kohler, 1993.

Fink, S. L. "Crisis and Motivation: A Theoretical Model." Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 1967, 43 (November), .

Frankl, V. E. Man's Search for Meaning. New York: Beacon Press, 1959.

French, J. R. P. , and Raven, B. "The Bases of Social PowerD. Cartwright (ed.), .. Ann

Arbor: University of Michigan Institute of Social Research, 1959." In D. Cartwright, (ed.)^(eds.), Studies in Social Power. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press,

Collected Papers of Roger Harrison, Version 94.10.02 1959.

Galbraith, J. Designing Complex Organizations. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1978.

Handy, C. Gods of Management: The Changing Work of Organizations. Revised ed., London: Pan, 1985.

Harrison, R. "Defenses and the Need to Know." Human Relations Training News. 1963*, 6 (4), 1-3.

Harrison, R. "Defenses and the Need to Know." In P. R. Lawrence, J. A. Seiler, and et al, (ed.)^(eds.), Organizational Behavior and Administration. Homewood, Ill.: Irwin Dorsey, 1965a.

Harrison, R. "Group Composition Models for Laboratory Design." The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science. 1965b, 1 (4), 409-432.

Harrison, R. "Cognitive Change and Participation in a Sensitivity Training Laboratory." Journal of Consulting Psychology. 1966, 30 (6), 517-520.

Harrison, R. "Classroom Innovation: A Design Primer." In P. Runkel, R. Harrison, and M. Runkel, (ed.)^(eds.), The Changing College Classroom. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1969*.

Harrison, R. "Choosing the Depth of Organizational Intervention." Journal of Applied Behavioral Science. 1970*, 6 (2), 189-202. Collected Papers of Roger Harrison, Version 94.10.02

Harrison, R. "Developing Autonomy, Initiative and Risk-Taking through a Laboratory Design." European Training. 1972*-a, 2 , 100-116.

Harrison, R. "Understanding Your Organization's Character." Harvard Business Review. 1972*-b, 50 (3), 119-128.

Harrison, R. "When Power Conflicts Trigger Team Spirit." European Training. 1972*-c, 2 , 67-65.

Harrison, R. "Towards a Strategy for Helping Redundant and Retiring Managers."

Management Education and Development. 1973*, 4 , 77-85.

Harrison, R. "Diagnosing Organization Ideology." In J. E. Jones and J. W. Pfeiffer,

(ed.)^(eds.), The 1975 Annual Handbook for Group Facilitators. San Diego, Calif.: University Associates, 1975.

Harrison, R. "How to Design and Conduct Self-Directed Learning Experiences." Group & Organization Studies. 1978*, 3 (2), 149-167.

Harrison, R. "A Practical Model of Motivation and Character Development." In J. E. Jones and J. W. Pfeiffer, (ed.)^(eds.), The 1979 Annual Handbook for Group Facilitators. San Diego, Calif.: University Associates, 1979.

Harrison, R. "Organizations and the Planet." Gaia. 1981, 4 (2), 5-6.

Harrison, R. "Startup: The Care and Feeding of Infant Systems." Organizational

Dynamics. 1981*, 10 (1), 5-29.

Collected Papers of Roger Harrison, Version 94.10.02

Harrison, R. "Strategies for a New Age." Human Resource Management. 1983, 22 (3),


Harrison, R. "Leadership and Strategy for a New Age." In J. D. Adams, (ed.)^(eds.),

Transforming Work. Alexandria, Va.: Miles River Press, 1984*.

Harrison, R. "Quality of Service: A New Frontier for Integrity in Organizations." In Suresh

Srivastva, (ed.)^(eds.), Executive Integrity. 1987.

Harrison, R. "Harnessing Personal Energy: How Companies Can Inspire Employees."

Organizational Dynamics. 1987*-a, 16 (2), 4-20.

Harrison, R. Organization Culture and Quality of Service: A Strategy for Releasing

Love in the Workplace. ed. Ian Cunningham. London: Association for Management

Education and Development, 1987*-b.

Harrison, R. Building an Organization Vision and Mission Statement. Mountain View,

Calif.: Harrison Associates, 1988.

Harrison, R. Culture and Levels of Consciousness in Organizations. Harrison

Associates, , 1990*.

Harrison, R. Towards the Learning Organization—Promises and Pitfalls. Mountain View,

Calif.: Harrison Associates, 1992.

Harrison, R. "Barriers to Learning in the Organization." In Richard Boot, Jean Lawrence,

and John Morris, (ed.)^(eds.), Managing the Unknown by Creating New Futures.

London: McGraw-Hill, 1994*.

- 5 -

Collected Papers of Roger Harrison, Version 94.10.02

Harrison, R. Consultant's Journey. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1995.

Harrison, R.,Cooper, J. , and Dawes, G. Humanizing Change: Matching Interventions

to Organizational Realities. Mountain View, Calif.: Harrison Associates, 1991.

Harrison, R. , and Hopkins, R. L. "The Design of Cross-Cultural Training: An

Alternative to the University Model." Journal of Applied Behavioral Science.

1967*, 3 , 431-460.

Harrison, R. , and Oshry, B. "Laboratory Training in Human Relations and

Organizational Behavior." European Training. 1972, 2 , 189-199.

Harrison, R. , and Powell, C. "Organisation Culture and Quality of Service." In From

Organisation to Organism: A New View of Business and Management in The Park,

Forres, Scotland IV36 OTZ, edited by Roger Benson, Findhorn Foundation 1987.

Harrison, R. , and Stokes, H. Diagnosing Organization Culture. Revised ed., San Diego,

Calif.: Pfeiffer & Company, 1992.

Harrison, R. L. "Cognitive Models for Interpesonal and Group Behavior: A Theoretical

Framework for Research." Explorations in Human Relations Training and Research.

1965c, (Whole No. 2.), Washington, D. C.: National Training Laboratories.

Harvey, J. 1967, Personal communication.

Horsley, J. B. 1973.

Janz, T. 1986, Personal Communication.

- 6 -

Collected Papers of Roger Harrison, Version 94.10.02

Kelman, H. C. "Compliance, Identification and Internalization: Three Processes of

Attitude Change." Journal of Conflict Resolution. 1958, 2 , 51-60.

Kelman, H. C. "Processes of Opinion Change." Public Opinion Quarterly. 1961, 25 , 57-


Kiefer, C. F. , and Senge, P. M. "Metanoic Organizations." In John D. Adams, (ed.)

^(eds.), Transforming Work. Alexandria Va.: Miles River Press, 1984.

Kolb, D. A.,Rubin, I. M. , and McIntyre, J. M. Organizational Psychology: An

Experiential Approach. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall, 1971.

Korda, M. Power!: How to Get it, How to Use It. New York: Random House, 1975.

Kubler-Ross, E. On Death and Dying. New York: Macmillan, 1969.

Lawrence, P. R. , and Lorsch, J. "Differentiation and Integration in Complex

Organizations." Administrative Science Quarterly. 1967a, , .

Lawrence, P. R. , and Lorsch, J. W. "New Management Job: The Integrator." Harvard

Business Review. 1967b, (November-December), 142.

Lehner, G. F. J. "From Job Loss to Career Innovation." In New Technology in

Organization Development Conference in New York, N. Y., Center for Organization

Studies, NTL Institute for Applied Behavioral Science 1971.

Louis, A. M. "They're Striking Some Strange Bargains at Diamond Shamrock." Fortune.

1976, (January), 142-156.

- 7 -

Collected Papers of Roger Harrison, Version 94.10.02

Maccoby, M. The Gamesman: The New Corporate Leaders. New York: Simon &

Schuster, 1976.

Maccoby, M. The Leader. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1981.

Maslow, A. H. Motivation and Personality. New York: Harper & Row, 1954.

May, R. Love and Will. New York: Norton, 1969.

McClelland, D. C. , and others, a. The Achievement Motive. New York: Appleton-
Century-Crofts, 1953.

McGregor, D. The Human Side of Enterprise. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1960.

Merry, U. Personal Communication.

Naisbitt, J. Megatrends: Ten New Directions Transforming Our Lives. New York: Warner

Books, 1982.

Nicoll, D. 1981 Personal communication.

Noer, D. M. Healing the Wounds. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1993.

Ouspensky. Incomplete citation, , .

Owen, H.

Pagès, M. 1971, Personal communication.

Pascale, R. "The Art of Japanese Management." Incomplete citation-a, , .

Pascale, R. Managing on the Edge. Incomplete citation-b.

Peck, M. S. The Different Drum: Community-Making and Peace. New York: Simon and

Schuster, 1987.

- 8 -

Collected Papers of Roger Harrison, Version 94.10.02

Pedler, M.,Burgoyne, J. , and Boydell, T. The Learning Company. London: McGraw-Hill,


Perrow, C. Normal Accidents: Living with High-Risk Technologies. New York: Basic

Books, 1984a.

Perrow, C. Normal Accidents: Living with High-Risk Technologies. New York: Basic

Books, 1984b.

Peters, T. , and Austin, N. A Passion for Excellence: The Leadership Difference. New

York: Warner Books, 1985.

Peters, T. J. , and Waterman, R. H. In Search of Excellence: Lessons from America's

Best-Run Companies. New York: Harper and Row, 1982.

Pfeiffer, J. W. , and Jones, J. E., eds. A Handbook of Structured Experiences for Human

Relations Training. Vol. I. Iowa City, Ia.: University Associates, 1969.

Revans, R. W. Action Learning. London: Blond & Briggs, 1980.

Rhinehart, L. The Dice Man. London: Talmy, Franklin, 1971.

Ringer, R. J. Winning Through Intimidation. Los Angeles: Los Angeles Book Publishers,


Ringer, R. J. Looking Out for Number One. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1977.

Schaef, A. W. , and Fassel, D. The Addictive Organization. New York: Harper & Row,


- 9 -

Collected Papers of Roger Harrison, Version 94.10.02

Schein, E. Process Consultation: Its Role in Organization Development. Reading,

Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1969.

Schein, E. J. , and Bennis, W. G. Personal and Organizational Change through Group

Methods: The Laboratory Approach. New York: Wiley, 1965.

Schon, D. A. Beyond the Stable State. London: Temple Smith, 1971.

Schutz, W. G. FIRO: A Three Dimensional Theory of Interpersonal Behavior. New York:

Holt, Rhinehart and Winston, 1958.

Senge, P. The Fifth Discipline: The Art and Practice of the Learning Organization. New

York: Doubleday/Currency, 1990.

Shaffer, C. R. , and Anundsen, K. Creating Community Anywhere. New York: Jeremy P.

Tarcher/Perigee, 1993.

Smith, W. E. "Planning for the Electricity Sector in Columbia." In Marvin R. Weisbord,

(ed.)^(eds.), Discovering Common Ground. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler, 1993.

Spangler, D. Revelation—The Birth of a New Age. Forres, Scotland: Findhorn

Foundation, 1977.

Spencer, L. Winning through Participation. Dubuque, Ia.: Kendall/Hunt, 1989.

Tarcher, M. New York: Harper, 1966.

Terry, R. 1986, Personal communication.

Trist, E. , and Bamforth, K. incomplete citation, , .

Vail, P. B. Managing as a Performing Art. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1989.

- 10 -

Collected Papers of Roger Harrison, Version 94.10.02

Walton, R. "From Control to Commitment in the Workplace." Harvard Business Review.

1985, (March-April), .

Weisbord, M. R., ed. Discovering Common Ground. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler,


Wheatley, M. Leadership and the New Science. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler, 1993.

Notable Publications by Roger Harrison

Roger Harrison

Chapter 16:

Looking on the Dark Side of a Center of Light

Roger Harrison

Chapter 24:

Steps Towards the Learning Organization